Terms and Conditions



Key Points

  • This Policy applies to Direct 2 Recovery and all of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, “Direct 2 Recovery”).
  • Direct 2 Recovery is committed to compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, including the Anti-Kickback Statute and the Stark Law. These laws, while complex, relate primarily to relationships between Direct 2 Recovery and Referral Sources, including physicians. Direct 2 Recovery may, from time to time, develop other policies regarding these relationships.
  • This Policy outlines the requirements of the Compliance Officer in maintaining and reviewing the Focus Arrangements database.
  • This Policy further provides general information about the federal Anti-Kickback Statute, the Stark Law, and the regulations and other related guidance and explains how these laws relate to relationships between Direct 2 Recovery and referral sources.


Designated Health Services means any of the following services: clinical laboratory services; physical therapy, occupational therapy, and outpatient speech-language pathology services; radiology and certain other imaging services; radiation therapy services and supplies; durable medical equipment and supplies; parenteral and enteral nutrients, equipment, and supplies; prosthetics, orthotics, and prosthetic devices and supplies; home health services; outpatient prescription drugs; and inpatient and outpatient hospital services.

Focus Arrangement means every arrangement or transaction that:

  1. Involves, directly or indirectly, the offer or payment of anything of value; and is between

Direct 2 Recovery and any actual source of health care business or referrals to Direct 2 Recovery; or

  1. Is between Direct 2 Recovery and a physician (or a physician’s Immediate Family Member) who makes a referral (as defined at 42 U.S.C. § 1395nn(h)(5)) to Direct 2 Recovery for Designated Health Services.

Immediate Family Member means husband or wife; birth or adoptive parent, child, or sibling; stepparent, stepchild, stepbrother, or stepsister; father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law; grandparent or grandchild; and spouse of a grandparent or grandchild.

Overpayment means the amount of money Direct 2 Recovery has received in excess of the amount due and payable under any Federal health care program requirements.

Physician means a doctor of medicine or osteopathy, a doctor of dental surgery or dental medicine, a doctor of podiatric medicine, a doctor of optometry, or a chiropractor.

Referral Source means (a) a physician; (b) a physician’s Immediate Family Member; (c) any entity that is controlled by a physician or a physician’s Immediate Family Member; or (d) any non-physician who may be capable of making referrals to Direct 2 Recovery.

Reportable Event means any isolated event or a series of occurrences that involves:

  1. A substantial Overpayment (as defined by all applicable Direct 2 Recovery Patient Financial Services Department policies);
  2. A matter that a reasonable person would consider a probable violation of criminal, civil, or administrative laws applicable to any Federal health care program for which penalties or exclusion may be authorized;
  3. The employment of or contracting with a Covered Person who is an Ineligible Person; or
  4. The filing of a bankruptcy petition by Direct 2 Recovery.


Direct 2 Recovery does not offer, pay, provide, or accept any remuneration, including any payment of any type, for referrals of patients. Direct 2 Recovery is committed to ensuring that its relationships with physicians and other Referral Sources do not violate the Anti-Kickback Statute, the Stark Law, or any other applicable Federal or state laws.

  1. Direct 2 Recovery has established a Code of Conduct and policies and procedures demonstrating Direct 2 Recovery’s commitment to full compliance with all federal health care program requirements, including the Anti-Kickback Statute and Stark Law. Direct 2 Recovery’s Compliance & Organizational Ethics policies and procedures and other policies that govern transactions with Referral Sources are on the Direct 2 Recovery intranet. The Agreements with Physicians and Other Potential Referral Sources: General Policy outlines specific requirements for entering into a Focus Arrangement that ensures that all transactions with Referral Sources comply with the applicable Federal and state laws.
  2. Direct 2 Recovery maintains a database of all contractual relationships with Referral Sources that are considered Focus Arrangements.
  3. Any known or suspected violations of the Anti-Kickback Statue and Stark Law must be reported, investigated, and remediated in accordance with Direct 2 Recovery’s Compliance Policies.
  4. The Attachment to this Policy provides an overview of the Anti-Kickback Statute and

Stark Law which may be amended or modified from time to time.


  1. Direct 2 Recovery will review the Focus Arrangements database, Direct 2 Recovery’s internal review and approval process, and certain other procedures to monitor Direct 2 Recovery’s compliance with the requirements of the Corporate Integrity Agreement between the Office of the Inspector General (“OIG”) of the Department of Health and Human Services and Direct 2 Recovery.
  2. Direct 2 Recovery shall regularly track remuneration to and from all parties to Focus Arrangements, including tracking service and activity logs to ensure that parties to the Focus Arrangement are performing the services required under the applicable Focus Arrangement.
  3. Direct 2 Recovery shall monitor the use of leased space, medical supplies, medical devices, equipment, or other patient care items to ensure that such use is consistent with the terms of the applicable Focus Arrangement.
  4. All Direct 2 Recovery employees, medical staff members and, where appropriate, others who provide services to or on behalf of Direct 2 Recovery shall become familiar with the requirements of the Anti- Kickback Statute and the Stark Law through training and through the attached overview of the laws. Any individual who becomes aware of any activity that may be a violation of the Anti-Kickback Statute or the Stark Law should report the potential violation in accordance with Direct 2 Recovery’s Compliance Polcies.
  5. If the Direct 2 Recovery becomes aware of any activity that may violate the Anti- Kickback Statute or the Stark Law, company leadership in coordination with the appropriate departments, shall conduct an appropriate review or investigation of the activity in accordance with Direct 2 Recovery’s Compliance Policies.
  6. If after a reasonable opportunity to conduct an appropriate review or investigation of an activity that may violate the Anti-Kickback Statute or the Stark Law Direct 2 Recovery determines that there is a Reportable Event, the Compliance Officer shall be responsible for notifying the OIG of the Reportable Event, in writing, within thirty days after making the determination that the Reportable Event exists.

References: 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b), 42 CFR § 1001.952 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7a(a)(7) 42 U.S.C. § 1395nn; 42 CFR § 411.350 et seq.



The Anti-Kickback Statute 

The federal Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits knowingly and willfully offering, paying, soliciting or receiving anything of value as an inducement or reward to refer items or services for which payment is available under the federal or state healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid. Violations of the Anti-Kickback Statute are classified as felonies and are punishable by fines of up to $25,000 and up to 5 years in prison. Violations of the Anti-Kickback Statute may also cause participants to be excluded from participating in federal health care programs or from working for entities that participate in federal healthcare programs.

The Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) is the federal governmental agency responsible for interpreting and enforcing the Anti-Kickback Statute. The OIG has issued regulations that contain “safe harbor” provisions describing various payment and business practices that the OIG has deemed acceptable. Unless all elements of a safe harbor are met, these practices might otherwise be viewed to implicate, and potentially violate, the Anti-Kickback Statute. Compliance with a safe harbor is not mandatory; rather, arrangements that could violate the Anti-Kickback Statute which do not fit into a safe harbor are evaluated by the OIG on a case-by-case basis.

Guidance Related to the Anti-Kickback Statute

To assist health care providers in complying with the Anti-Kickback Statute, the OIG has, and continues from time to time, to publish guidance.

  1. Advisory Opinions. The OIG issues advisory opinions to outside parties regarding the interpretation and applicability of certain statutes relating to the federal and state healthcare programs, including (a) what constitutes prohibited remuneration under the Anti-Kickback Statute and (b) whether an arrangement or proposed arrangement falls within a safe harbor. Advisory opinions provide guidance, but they only apply to the parties requesting them. However, they offer meaningful advice on the application of the Anti-Kickback Statute. Additional information about the OIG’s advisory opinion process and a link to all published advisory opinions is located at http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/advisoryopinions.asp.
  2. Other Guidance. The OIG periodically develops and issues guidance, including Special Advisory Bulletins, Fraud Alerts, and other industry guidance to alert and inform the health care industry about potential problems or areas of special interest. The OIG posts its guidance to its website at http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/fraudalerts.asp.

The Limitation on Certain Physician Referrals (The Stark Law) 

The Stark Law prohibits physicians from referring Medicare patients for certain designated health services (“DHS”) to an entity with which the physician or a member of the physician’s immediate family has a financial relationship–unless an exception applies. It also prohibits an entity from presenting or causing to be presented a bill or claim to anyone for a DHS furnished as a result of a prohibited referral. Notably, DHS includes all inpatient and outpatient hospital services. Sanctions for violating the Stark Law include disallowing all Medicare payments for any DHS provided pursuant to a referral from the physician and possible penalties of up to $15,000 per DHS item or service plus three times the amount claimed for payment from Medicare; circumvention schemes can result in a penalty of up to $100,000 and exclusion from participation in federal health care programs.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”), the federal agency responsible for interpreting and enforcing the Stark Law, has issued regulations that contain exceptions for relationships with physicians that will be deemed not to violate the statute. Unlike the Anti- Kickback Statute, a physician’s financial relationship with the entity providing DHS must fit within an exception to the Stark Law and meet all of the criteria of the exception. If it does not, the entity may not bill for any DHS provided pursuant to a referral from the physician.

Guidance Related to the Stark Law

CMS issues advisory opinions to outside parties regarding whether a physician’s referrals relating to certain DHS are prohibited under the Medicare program. While the advisory opinions are only binding on the person or entity who requested the opinion, the advisory opinions offer meaningful advice on the application of the Stark Law. Additional information about CMS’s advisory opinion process, a link to CMS’s published advisory opinions, and other Stark Law guidance is located at http://www.cms.gov/PhysicianSelfReferral.

Rehab Program: Addiction is a learned behavior that changes the brain to become conditioned to continually want the substance.  Through counseling and other behavior health modifications it has been known that the brain can actually change physically.  By changing our environment, starting a new job, new hobbies and friends, all will alter our brain in some way.  It is possible to undo some of the changes that occurred while addicted.  Therapy will recondition the brain closer to pre-addiction status.  This will better prepare the patient for a time when they may no longer require medication. Addictions
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At Direct2Recovery our mission is to passionately help as many patients as we can to overcome their addiction and begin to live life at its fullest once again. We strive to make every patient that walks into our office feel comfortable and genuinely welcome. Prior to starting his Direct2Recovery practice, Dr. Flatley was an emergency room doctor for eighteen years. While seeing the opioid epidemic at its worst, Dr. Flatley treated patients daily in the ER that were seeking help for withdrawal symptoms, enduring drug overdoses, and all to often he saw lives lost to this addiction. At Direct2Recovery we use a medication assisted option of Buprenophine/Naltrexone (Suboxone) to treat opioid addiction. We will also express the importance of addiction counseling therapy and recommend this to be part of every patients treatment.
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